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Physiological division of diseases of the respiratory system distinguishes two types:

  • obstructive diseases: associated with reduced airflow in the lungs m.in. COPD, bronchial asthma, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, bronchospasm, chronic bronchitis.
  • restrictive diseases: associated with reduced lung capacity m.in. interstitial lung disease, sarcoidosis,pulmonary infiltrates, pulmonary fibrosis, tuberculosis, cancer.

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Diseases of the respiratory system from the anatomical point of view we differentiate into diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract:

  • diseases of the upper section: diseases of the nose, nasal cavity, sinuses, throat, larynx and trachea
  • diseases of the lower segment: diseases of the lungs, bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli

Of the many disease units present within the respiratory system, the most serious are :

  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
  • asthma
  • lung cancer
  • tuberculosis
  • sleep apnoea
  • cystic fibrosis
  • acute respiratory infections
  • ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome)

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Click on a thumbnail for an enlargement.

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