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The main factors that cause respiratory diseases.
The primary function of the respiratory system in any living organism is ventilation, a term understood as supplying oxygen to the blood cells and removing carbon dioxide and water vapor, so an important factor that increases the risk of respiratory disease is what we breathe.”Causes of COPD

Smoking cigarettes. Cigarette smoke contains nearly four thousand chemicals, among which scientists have isolated a number of carcinogenic compounds responsible for causing cancer, in addition, combustible is the main pathogen in COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). According to the ETF report, in the 21st century, smoking will contribute to a marked increase in mortality worldwide, it is estimated that close to one billion people worldwide will die as a result of smoking and secondhand smoke.


Environmental pollution. While biological pathogens : viruses, bacteria, fungi in the vast majority induce acute inflammations of the upper respiratory tract, e.g. rhinitis or pharyngitis, chemical – environmental pollution will increase the risk of chronic lung diseases such as COPD, asthma, tuberculosis or cancer.

Internal contamination. They are another type of air pollution, we are particularly exposed to them in offices, carpentry and other processing plants. Currently, it is estimated that indoor and occupational pollution is responsible for 2.7% of respiratory diseases.

Diet and nutrition. We know that they have a significant impact on the etiology of diseases of the digestive system, cardiovascular diseases or diseases of the musculoskeletal system, but often the media omits information about how our diet affects the risk of lung diseases. Obesity and overweight are contributing factors to the occurrence of sleep apnoea. In turn, malnutrition and anemia are positively correlated with tuberculosis, COPD.

Genetics. Its impact on living organisms has been documented for years, now scientists agree that the risk of developing cystic fibrosis and COPD * is directly related to the mutation of the gene.


Diseases of the respiratory system deserve special treatment in today’s branches of medicine. In different populations around the world, the number of people suffering from these disease units is increasing year by year, at the same time the costs of treatment and hospitalization of patients are increasing. This is often the result of a lack of information from patients and first-line doctors, yet these conditions can be treated early and their exacerbations prevented.

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