When making a nutrition plan for a patient with cystic fibrosis should not focus on the energy of the diet itself. In addition, it must be varied to provide as many different components as possible: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals.
One of the important components in the diet, next to a large amount of fats (their supply in the diet should be up to 40% of the energy supply during the day), is protein, to which people with cystic fibrosis are particularly vulnerable (e.g. through a significant loss of nitrogen with feces, impaired absorption of protein in the digestive tract or increased protein metabolism). This component should account for an average of 20% of the energy supply in the diet during the day.
Carbohydrates are another important nutrient in the diet of a cystic fibrosis patient. Their share in the daily menu should be from 40 to 45%. Although in the case of co-occurrence of diabetes, the decision on the amount of carbohydrates in the patient’s diet should be determined individually for each case together with the doctor. It is equally important to adjust the appropriate amount of fiber in the nutrition plan of our ward. Due to the possibility of constipation and/or abdominal pain, it is recommended that the amount of dietary fiber taken should not be less than 10g/day and not more than 25-30g.
Nashville, Tennessee, USA
pwcf (born 1979)